I needed to put in writing about this automotive ever since I started sending the CC, and eventually the day has come. As I stated before, I went to a basic automotive that met in France just lately, and as expected, quite a few CCs have been stabbed. I was hoping that Panhard 24 can be there. I used to be fallacious: there were two!
First, there was this lovely grey 24 B, inbuilt March 1966. And the boy went to town (in fact, in a purely photographic sense). The occasional sunshine and the shortage of different parked automobiles allowed me to take as many snaps as I needed. Nevertheless it wasn't the top.
Once I left the premises, peeked into a number of the previous buildings (which have been previously army barracks), and I found this blue 24 CT, in all probability the same decade, despite the fact that it might be & # 39; 67. The circumstances have been much less superb within the footage, and the automotive had clearly had a nasty frontal collision for some time however how might I move it up?
Panhard 24 is a favourite publish-warfare French automotive together with his arms down. I'm making an attempt to inform you why, but I hope the photographs will make at the very least a few of the speak. That is the sort of present that I do to myself (I’m 40 years of age!), So I hope that you will give me this passionate Panhard-table.
From an aesthetic viewpoint, there’s nothing so as to add or subtract from the unimaginable type of 24 my eyes. Nevertheless, there’s much to say from a technical and historical viewpoint. So listed here are the 25-year-previous obsessive numbers from the last Panhard, which is condensed into about 2500 phrases.
Panhard 24 was the last thrust of the previous company. When improvement began critically on the end of 1959, Citroën already controlled kind of Panhard, a Parisian manufacturing unit already producing 2CV vans alongside the PL 17 product family. Stated PL 17 was an updated model of the 1954-59 Panhard Dyna Z, so the corporate knew that a new automotive can be needed
But Citroën was strong: no new Panhard four-door Salon. Paul and Jean Panhard, respectively, Marque's chairman and CEO, correctly pointed to the 2-door coupe – something slightly to the left, which might not threaten Citroën. Because of Panhard's father and son's carefree strain on the workforce, "Projet V527" was inexperienced and Louis Bionier, a Panhards designer of all manufacturing because the late 20th century, worked on a brand new mannequin.
Bionier was not alone. The small Panhard design workforce included René Ducassou-Péhau and André Jouan for 2-D rendering in addition to clay model specialists.
In 1960-61 there were many models with several features that by no means made it previous the drawing board, comparable to rear-dealing with rear home windows and roof-mounted fins.
The Corvair effect was seen via the passage, particularly in a trendy and easy forged strap with a chrome accent that runs from one headlamp to a different that was present in all design research. The flat roof additionally spreads the GM…
Nevertheless, this is not just about appearance. There was loads of technique and careful counting on the Panhard Coupe – it needed to be spacious enough for Jean Panhard's 6 ”6” frame for one. All the clay fashions produced have been rigorously examined and cleaned to improve their aerodynamics and move the middle of gravity forward.
Corvairesque belt group responded to a quite late-winding bumper that rolls a full-length automotive that provides safety for each side and ends of the car. This was fairly forward considering within the early 1960s, anticipating that a aspect masking that might have turn into widespread for less than 20 years is
Here’s a full-measurement clay from 1962. pretty much gelled at this stage, simply the detailed work required by the grille, bumpers and hood  The interior design was also given numerous thought. Symmetrical design from the outset favored the creation of an RHD model
Regardless of Citroën's ban on physique modifications, Panhard's design workforce experimented with a number of drawings and clays. The convertible system was nearly full, however it was too costly to be viable. The trolley and the 4-door were not the start, the few remaining Panhardistes for eternal shock.
Panhard 24 was technically a direct descendant of PL 17. The 2 wheels carrying the front wheels have been related to a 4-velocity gearbox, which is now all synchronized. The suspension was just like the previous Panhards: two parallel units of transverse sheets at the entrance and torsion bars / beam axis at the rear. The brakes used patented aluminum-coated drums examined on DB cruisers in Le Mans.
The flat aircraft shaped the idea for a really inflexible inner monoconfiguration that didn’t require further roof power. so that the planned convertible bond might simply be manufactured at a low value. Nevertheless, this ceiling was progressive, however sat on 4 skinny steel poles anchored deep into monocoque.
When the automotive was introduced to the press on June 24, 1963, Jean-Pierre Peugeot informed Jean Panhard: “How lucky you are with such talented designers. We have to go ask the Italians! “Everyone agreed that Panhard 24 was sublime. At first there were two models: at 24 C there was a “normal” (42 hp DIN engine), and a more luxurious 24 CT was delivered with a 50 hp Tigre version. Two automobiles have been externally comparable, however at 24 ° C there was a simplified inside and a dashboard
The most important drawback was the engine. Panhard was forbidden to continue creating the 1200-centimeter "X4" version (primarily two centered flat twins, akin to a radial motor), in order that they needed to make an previous age that began to point out their time. It was additionally fairly loud and prompted the automotive to vibrate at sure rpm, dancing beneath the 24-hood. The automotive was relatively fast to move, which led many to criticize the shortage of disc brakes.
Immediately, it was necessary to increase the range slightly. 17 (they dropped PL after the launch of the 24th century) the salon was on their last legs, and Panhard wanted one thing more household-friendly than the little 2 + 2 that he just started. B – The picture taken at the 2008 ICCCR in Italy
And so here we come to an important CC, 24 B – as in Berlin. The 24 B and BT introduced on the Paris Motor Present in October 1964 stretched the 25cm spacing clearly seen within the bigger rear home windows of the automotive. In that case, this improved the automotive much more.
24 ° C was put on the pasture, however CT received a barely re-tuned and better rotation engine that made it attain 160 km / h (beneath hair) 100 mph). Panhard matches this beautiful spectacular efficiency with four disc brakes. They have been additionally used in BT, which inherited the original CT engine. The extra weight meant that 24 BT might declare only 145 km / h, however it still turned the top vendor of the 1965 mannequin. These prime speeds are resulting from 24 slippery shapes more than some other. In acceleration, we continue to course of the 850 cc twin: zero to 100 km / h in 21 seconds for 24 CT. Not too dangerous, however removed from spectacular…
24 B twin and drum brakes, that are about 135 km / h. It also transported a 24 C easier inside and strips inherited from the 17 sedan. They have been out of production by January 1965, after which solely 24 took the identify of Panhard. In the identical yr, Citroën was ultimately absorbed by Panhard. By July, another builder plate with the inscription “André Citroën S.A.” was placed subsequent to Panhard. The top was not close – it was there
For mannequin yr 1966, a couple of issues changed. 24 CT received new wheels with oval cooling holes that we see in the blue automotive, but otherwise things remained fairly the same – together with the sensible six-line line. The shortage of a new body variant depressed Panhard for the only answer that they had left: inadequate.
24 BAs have been created to permit Panhard to sell 24 francs under 10,000. They minimize all the things they might: the seats have been simplified to the acute, like a line. Outdoors the automotive's sides and the chrome strap on the again, as well as the vents underneath the entrance bumper. Nevertheless, they do not have to hassle: 24 BA was a field of punishment that no one needed. Only 160 models have been built, all in 1966.
Gross sales fell from the rock. In 1963, Panhard built some 35,000 automobiles in three areas (PL 17, CD, 24). By 1965, they controlled less than half of it. And the development of the 1966s seemed to verify that the general public was cautious about Panhard's apparent dangerous health.
No one needs to buy a new automotive that the producer is out of enterprise. A self-fulfilling prophecy, in fact, but in addition a troublesome reality recognized by countless automotive manufacturers in hassle for many years. Exports have been low – the only nations with 24 vital gross sales have been Benelux and Italy. A number of causes have been additionally gathered in Uruguay at an area GRP
Panhard 24's sales fell to lower than four,000 models in 1967. In the summertime, Citroën issued a Communication on production forecasts for 1968. Buried in one sentence, saying: "The production of Panhard 24 is discontinued." The final officially produced automotive, mild blue 24 B, came from the manufacturing unit in July. Few have been only registered months later
It was not like there was no intention to continue using the 24 greatest belongings – its excellent aerodynamic physique. Some individuals within the Citroën Design Service have been shocked by this waste of expertise and tried an fascinating experiment: 24 Modifying a CT physique to install an abridged DS chassis. I launched this automotive in 2012 on the ICCCR in England. I simply give the next statement to fill you in particulars…
Citroën CEO Pierre Bercot didn't need the thought. He noticed Panhard as a mere subcontractor and had rather more curiosity within the firm's successful army automobiles. One ultimate experiment was carried out in about 1969, when the 24-DS body was related to a 3-layer Maserati V6 with two blade-coated radiators. The end result was pretty much quicker than the production of SM, which soon adopted.
If Citroën had no intentional Panhard sabotage, it will have been attainable to create a full 24-series, probably powered by 4 cylinders. engine. This is able to have coupled the open hole in the midst of the Citroën area, which consisted of small 2CV derivatives and, however, a 2 liter DS. As an alternative, Citroën used its own "Projet F" for its medium-sized automobiles, which bumped into large problems and was ultimately abandoned in 1967, just as Panhard's manufacturing ended.
The designers and engineers who set up 24 have been built-in into the Citroën workforce, like the rest of Panhard's workforce. Their first work was the creation of Citroën Dyane – Panhard's Dyna Anagram. It was again a 2CV clone that was made shortly and inexpensively, and was launched in 1967 (inaccurate) to exchange 2CV. Many contemplate Citroën GS as one automotive that took Panhard's spirit, as the lads of the previous company had much to do with its design.
GS was a superb automotive in many ways but was not Panhard 24. Citroën made a whole lot of mistakes in the 60s and 70s and culminated in the Wankel engine GS Birotor, who broke the corporate again and drove it to bankruptcy, solely to save lots of Peugeot. Other errors embrace "Projet F", the purchase of Maserat, the politically brief-sighted relationship with Fiat. But the worst of all was the waste of Panhard 24's expertise.
Nevertheless, Citroën used a few of the 24 features. Panhard had designed a very clever system for 24 entrance seats, which enabled the driving force and passenger to set the inclination of the seat backrest, but in addition the height, peak and distance of the seat base from the wheel. This gave the driving force a selection of 1764 configurations. This progressive function was additionally found within the '70s largest Citroëns & # 39;
Another apparent impact was the 24th-sq. rectangular (plus reversal) arrangement that was made in collaboration with Cibié. As soon as he noticed Panhard's cape, Citroën's chief designer Flaminio Bertoni tried to adapt to DS. Bertoni died earlier than he was capable of carry out this facelift, but his workforce, now headed by Robert Opron, continued to work, accomplished in 1967. Meanwhile, as said above, coach Pichon-Parat used 24 headlamps for a number of DS specialties 60 within the mid-19th century.
So what’s it wish to personal Panhard 24? Many assume these automobiles have a variety of good factors, resembling great dealing with, highly effective (albeit onerous) disc brakes, unparalleled visibility, good indoor and air flow, low gasoline consumption (about 7 liters / 100 km or 33 mpg US), wonderful access to all oily bits . It is relatively low cost to buy and use. I might have gotten the prospect to journey collectively, I can even prove that it is rather good and not as onerous as expected.
The vulnerability of a heavily pressed engine (which may only be repaired by specialists) could also be a disadvantage. The automotive lacks torque and hates uphill. Drum brakes are hardly capable of do the job, management is somewhat heavy and the 24th-century inconsistent high quality of development signifies that some automobiles can take plenty of separation. In addition, there are numerous hidden rust tanks, like many 60's automobiles.
Developed for a shoe sprucing finances by a dad or mum firm built inside an historic manufacturing unit and bought by resellers. Often it didn't care about it, 24 was a troublesome life. Panhard still managed to make over 28,000 of them, of which about 2000 have been 24B. But your complete star product obtainable in the manufacturing of the model was undoubtedly 24 CT, which accounts for half of the entire quantity mentioned above
So let's go to the last poor of that poor 24 CT, which was mainly faced with a nasty encounter with some stubborn and damaging obstacle. However it was Citroën.
History of the Automotive Business: Panhard – Back to the Future, PN
Automotive Business: Three French Lethal Sins (Part 2) – Panhard Dyna Z / PL 17, T87